Audi’s 1980 Quattro sparks basic rally nostalgia, and really embodies the period by its distinctive styling. As one of many first all-wheel drive, turbocharged rally vehicles, it delivered quite a few championships for the Audi crew. The automaker performed intensive analysis and growth to attain the all-wheel Quattro know-how.
There are a number of fashions inside the ’80s Quattro lineup, together with the Ur-Quattro and Sport editions. A restricted variety of street authorized variations had been produced over an 11 yr span from 1980-1991. Right here’s a glance again on the distinguished 1980 Quattro and its championship heritage.
Origins Of The Audi Quattro
The Audi Quattro made its unique debut on the 1980 Geneva Auto Present. Its growth would spur a protracted legacy of rally championships. The unique Audi Quattro was put into manufacturing and remained part of Audi’s lineup till it was discontinued in 1991.
Audi got here throughout a legendary alternative when the FIA (Federation Internationale de l’Car) made 4-wheel drive authorized in rally races. Though Group B has since been banned in rally races, the FIA continues to officiate the World Rally Championship. The Quattro was uniquely costly and was fitted with the long-lasting four-wheel-drive system together with MacPherson struts and hydraulic assisted brakes.
The engine of alternative was a 2.2L inline-five geared up with a Borg Warner K26 turbocharger. This mannequin, dubbed the “200 5T”, made its debut on the Frankfurt Motor Present in 1979. The Quattro had an digital engine administration system made by Hitachi, the primary of its sort for a manufacturing automobile.
It will bear minor adjustments by the years and turn out to be homologated for European markets in 1982. The Ur-Quattro, “Ur” which means “unique” in German, was discontinued in 1987 to make room for its successor, the Quattro MB. One other mannequin, the Quattro Sport, was launched in 1983.
Probably the most notable characteristic of the automobile was its superior all-wheel-drive system, which allowed it to stay planted on the street in most any state of affairs. “We wished to create the impression of a automobile that’s ‘glued to the bottom’ – with functionality slightly than magnificence within the foreground. And this formal idea has justified itself as efficient, appropriate and credible”, mentioned Hartmut Warkuss, former head of design at Audi.
The Quattro S1 And Sport Quattro E2
Rally variations of the Quattro had been able to beautiful energy whereas sustaining a low weight; Roughly 23 victories could be claimed by the Quattro in its 5-year run.
The Quattro S1 was geared up with a 2.1L, 5-cylinder turbocharged engine. The manufacturing model had an output of 302 horsepower, with the rally model making 444 horsepower. It made its competitors debut on the 1000 Lakes Rally and went on to win the 1985 Pikes Peak Hill Climb, additionally persevering with as a strong performer in Rally Group B. Inside its bracket had been the Lancia Delta S4 and Peugeot 205 T16, amongst others.
Quattro S1 was additionally essential in that it launched the primitive type of the direct shift system. Upon its introduction it was known as the power-shift gearbox. Many credit score its ancestry within the growth of the fashionable dual-clutch computerized transmission. The herculean high quality of the S1 was described by rally driver Hannu Mikkola: “The sudden surge of energy is so brutal, you suppose you’ve been hit from behind by a five-ton truck”, he mentioned.
The improved and optimized Sport Quattro E2 was light-weight and highly effective, a monster that was barely tough to tame. The aerodynamic design itself resulted in staggering downforce figures of roughly 1,100lbs. This model of the Quattro employed an all-alloy 2110cc 5-cylinder DOHC engine with a turbo, making as much as 590bhp.
Walter Röhrl, rally driver, described the E2: “With this automobile, you must suppose two corners forward – discovering the proper stability between a good tempo and outright velocity was an enormous problem”, he mentioned. He would go on to win the San Remo Rally in 1985 with the Quattro E2.
The Audi Quattro’s Persistent Legacy
Sadly, the Quattro was concerned in numerous accidents throughout rally competitions. After a tragically deadly accident on the Rallye de Portugal, Audi pulled out of rally participation solely.
As a result of rarity of some Eighties Quattro fashions, they’re extremely priceless for collectors. A 1985 Sport Quattro, for instance, bought for a staggering $427,000 at a Goodwood public sale in 2015. There’s little doubt that any Quattro mannequin from this period, particularly within the Sport class, will proceed to understand in worth over time.
Audi’s Quattro know-how has undoubtedly made them an immortal legend within the rally world. The S1 stays probably the most highly effective rally automobile within the sport’s historical past. Additional growth of the Quattro know-how has resulted in Audi automobiles which might be extremely succesful each on and off-road.
SOURCES: MotorTrend, Storage Desires, Supercar Nostalgia, Rally Group B Shrine, Audi
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